Dr Gan Joo Ee

Course Director, BBusCom Program & Director of Undergraduate Studies, Senior Lecturer

Department of Business Law & Taxation

603 5514 6381
Room 6-5-11


Joo Ee is the Director of Undergraduate Studies at the School of Business. She also serves as the Course Director for the Bachelor of Business and Commerce program. She teaches employment law at undergraduate and graduate levels. Her research is socio-legal in nature. Focusing on employment in the hotel sector and sustainable practices in the hotel and tourism industry, her studies evaluate the impact of legal measures. Joo Ee is also passionate about environmental protection. She explores tourism governance as a vehicle for protecting the environment and advancing the socio-economic well-being of local communities, particularly the indigenous people. Her work on sustainability led her to become a member of the Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP), a network of volunteers who contribute to the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) mission of conservation and development.

Prior to joining academia, Joo Ee was a solicitor specializing in corporate matters, in particular, franchising, agency, distributorship, logistics, regulatory compliance and licensing in retail and food service sectors. She was also a legal editor of the Hong Kong Law Report & Digests. She is an accredited mediator on the Panel of the Malaysian Mediation Centre.

Academic Qualifications

Doctor of Philosophy
Institution Taylor’s University, Malaysia
Year awarded 2017
Master of Laws
Institution University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Year awarded 1996
Bachelor of Laws
Institution Queen Mary College, University of London, United Kingdom
Year awarded 1995
Certificate of Legal Practice
Institution Legal Profession Qualifying Board, Malaysia
Year awarded 1997

Professional Membership


Admitted to the High Court of Malaya as an Advocate and Solicitor in 1998.

2An accredited mediator on the Panel of the Malaysian Mediation Centre

Membership in Associations and International Bodies

Name of Association/International Body

The Commission on Environmental, Economic and Social Policy (CEESP)

Role Member
Duration of membership Since 2018
Name of Association/International Body

The Authorised Hong Kong Law Reports & Digests

Role Legal Editor
Duration of membership June 2000 – Dec 2002
Name of Association/International Body TEAM Journal of Hospitality & Tourism
Role Managing Editor
Duration of membership  (June 2014 – Dec 2017)

Membership in International Professional Bodies

Name of Association/International Body Tourism Educators Association of Malaysia (TEAM)
Role Member (membership no. 343)
Duration of membership (March 2014 – present)

Areas of Expertise

1 Hospitality and tourism law
2 Employment law
3 Human resource management in the hospitality industry
4 Tourism governance
5 Sustainable tourism framework and practices


Subject CodeSubject
BTW2241 Comparative Workplace Relations Law
BTW1042 Malaysian Business Law
BTX5220 International Issues in Employment Law
BTW3201International Trade Law


*Gan, J.E. (2018). Hospitality Law, 2nd ed. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapters

*Gan, J.E. & G.M.S. Koh (eds.)(2020). The fallacy of economic upliftment through ecotourism:  The case of the Malaysian indigenous Orang Asli. In T. Kananatu, Vulnerable Groups in Malaysia. Oldenbourg: De Gruyters, pp. 89-14.
*Gan, J.E., & Nair, V. (2020). The constructs of responsible rural tourism governance for Belum-Temengor Forest Reserve, Malaysia. In V. Nair, A. Hamzah, & G. Musa (eds.), Responsible Rural Tourism in Asia, UK: Channel View, pp.195-212.
*Gan, J.E. (2018). Beyond theorising: Distinguishing between the limitations of critical theory and the researcher. In P. Mura, C. Khoo-Lattimore (eds.), Asian Qualitative Research in Tourism, Perspectives on Asian Tourism. Singapore: Springer. pp. 81-95. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7491-2_4
*Gan, J.E. (2015). Informed Consent. In Cater, C., Garrod, B. and Low, T. (eds.) The Encyclopaedia of Sustainable Tourism. CABI, Oxford, UK. p. 304.
*Gan, J.E. (2015). Intellectual Property. In Cater, C., Garrod, B. and Low, T. (eds.) The Encyclopaedia of Sustainable Tourism. CABI, Oxford, UK. p. 304.

Scholarly Journals

*Gan, J.E. (2021). Ecotourism and Malaysia’s Orang Asli: The social construction of indigeneity in community boundary-drawing. Journal of Ecotourism, DOI: 10.1080/14724049.2021.1918131
*Gan, J.E. (2020). Uncovering the environmental and social conflicts behind residents’ perception of CBT: A Case of Perak, Malaysia. Tourism Planning & Development, 17(6), 674-692.
*Gan, J.E. (2020). Vendors as environmental stakeholders: Lessons from a regional sports event. Asean Journal on Hospitality and Tourism, 18(2), 95-110.
*Gan, J.E. (2019). Contestation over the minimum wage in the Malaysian hotel sector: Spotting the elephant in the room. The Malayan Law Journal, 2019, 2, ix-xxiv.
*Gan, J.E., Nair, V. & Hamzah, A. (2019). The critical role of a lead institution in ecotourism management: A case of dual governance in Belum-Temengor, Malaysia. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 11(2), 257-275.
*Gan, J.E. & Wong, B.T.Z. (2018). Comparing the self-reported data and observed behaviour of food waste separation: A study of the 29th Southeast Asian (SEA) Games. Asia-Pacific Journal of Innovation in Hospitality & Tourism, 7 (Special issue), 107-130.
*Gan, J.E. & Seo, N. (2018). Millennials’ environmental awareness, price sensitivity and willingness to pay for green hotels. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality & Culinary Arts, 10(2), 47-62.
*Gan, J.E. & Nair, V. (2016). An appraisal of the institutional structure of rural tourism in Malaysia: A conceptual framework. Journal of Environmental & Tourism Analyses, 4(1), 97-113.
*Gan, J.E. (2016). Minimum wage and the hospitality industry in Malaysia: An analysis of employee perceptions. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 15(1), 29-44, DOI: 10.1080/15332845.2015.1008396
*Gan, J.E. & Quah, J.E. (2015). The relevance of occupational health and safety training in hospitality education: A Malaysian perspective. Asia-Pacific Journal of Innovation in Hospitality and Tourism, 4(2), 217-233.
*Gan, J.E. & Goh, H.H. (2014). Minimum Wage and the service charge conundrum in the hotel industry. [2014] 5 Malayan Law Journal xcii.
*Gan, J.E. (2014). The Requirement of natural justice in plagiarism inquiry: The Impact on Malaysian universities. [2014] Law Review 102.
*Gan, J.E. (2014). Breach of promise of marriage: Uncertain legal terrain and the complex contours of Shariah law. [2014] 2 Malayan Law Journal
*Gan, J.E. (2013). The unwitting target groups of tobacco control laws in Malaysia. [2013] Law Review 551.
*Gan, J.E. (2012). The Food Analysts Act 2011 – Taking the bull by the horns in the fight against food fraud. [2012] 6 Malayan Law Journal cxxxiv.
*Gan, J.E. (2012). The prohibited “alien practice” of joint tenancy in Islamic law – Salmah bt Omar & 6 Ors v Ahmad Rosli bin Aziz (Pentadbir Harta Pesaka Osman bin Mohamed, simati) & Anor. [2012] Law Review 45.

Conference Proceedings

*Gan, J.E., Coanata, T. & Nair, V. (2016). Conservation cost and ecotourism in Malaysia: Multi-faceted aspects of tourists’ willingness to pay. The 6th Asia-Euro Conference 2016 (Gwalior, India, 9-11 November 2016).
*Gan, J.E. & Nair, V. (2016). Constructing the institutional framework for rural tourism in Malaysia. International Conference on Sustainable Development and Livelihoods (ICSDL) 2016 (Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 26-28 August 2016).
*Gan, J.E. & Quah, J.E. (2015). Musculoskeletal disorders preventive training: Do hospitality students apply what they learn? The 2nd International Conference on Finance and Economics (ICFE) 2015 (Ho Chi Minh City, 4-6 June 2015).
*Gan, J.E. & Nair, V. (2015). A conceptual appraisal framework for the institutional structure of rural tourism in Malaysia. The 21st Asia Pacific Tourism Association (APTA) Conference 2015 (Kuala Lumpur, 14-17 May 2015).
*Gan, J.E. (2014). The impact of minimum wage on labour cost in the hospitality industry in Malaysia, The 12th APacCHRIE Conference 2014 (Kuala Lumpur, 21-24 May 2014).
*Gan, J.E. (2013). The expanding role of the tourism sector in Malaysia’s retirement industry, The 11th ApacCHRIE Conference 2013 (Macau, 21-24 May 2013).

Current Supervision

Program of studyNA

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