A/Prof. Varghese Swamy

Associate Professor
School of Engineering

+603 5514 6245
Room 5-4-39

Personal statement

Varghese Swamy is currently working as Associate Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Discipline.

Academic degrees

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Uppsala University, Sweden, 1996
  • Master in Teaching, University of Melbourne

Professional affiliations

Member of International Professional Bodies

  • Institution of Mechanical Engineers UK, Member

Research Interests

  • Nanoscale materials for “energy” (photovoltaics, fuel additives), “green” (photocatalysis), bio (imaging and drug delivery), and device (sensors, photodetectors) applications
  • Advanced characterisations: size, shape, and strain of nanomaterials; nanomechanical properties
  • Computational modelling of mineral, metal, and ceramic systems
  • Engineered materials under extreme conditions (stress/temperature/size/chemistry: corrosion)

Research projects

  • Synthesis and characterization of 3D and 2D layered hybrid organometal halide perovskites and their applications in solar cells and photodetectors.
  • Fluorescent nanoparticles of silicon and carbon for breast cancer imaging and therapy.
  • Molecular dynamics simulation of carbon and boron nitride nanotubes as hydrogen storage media.
  • 2D materials integrated acoustic gas sensors.
  • Seismic hazard assessment of Peninsular Malaysia using far-field and intraplate earthquake sources.


Units taught

ENG1002 - Engineering Design: Cleaner, Safer, Smarter

MEC3459 - Materials Selection for Engineering Design

MEC4802 - Sustainable Engineering and Design with Nanomaterials


Kashan, Mohammad Ali Mohammadzadeh; Leong, Ainan; Saha, Tridib; Kalavally, Vineetha; Swamy, Varghese; Ramakrishnan, N. (2019) QCM-Micropillar-Based Coupled Resonators in the Detection of Gas Mass Flow Rates, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, (303-305), Volume: 68, Issue Number: 00189456, 10.1109/TIM.2018.2871234

Weijie Loi, Daniel; Eshwaraiah Raghunandan, Mavinakere; Swamy, Varghese (2018) Revisiting seismic hazard assessment for Peninsular Malaysia using deterministic and probabilistic approaches, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, (2387-2408), Volume: 18, Issue Number: 15618633, 10.5194/nhess-18-2387-2018

Lee, Neam Heng; Tay, Jian Zhen; Swamy, Varghese; Ramakrishnan, N. (2018) Smartphone display based photolithography to fabricate microdevices, IEEE Access, (35713-35719), Volume: 6, 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2849350

Koh, Teck Ming; Shanmugam, Vignesh; Guo, Xintong; Lim, Swee Sien; Filonik, Oliver; Herzig, Eva M.; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter; Swamy, Varghese; Chien, Sum Tze; Mhaisalkar, Subodh G.; Mathews, Nripan (2018) Enhancing moisture tolerance in efficient hybrid 3D/2D perovskite photovoltaics, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, (2122-2128), Volume: 6, Issue Number: 20507488, 10.1039/c7ta09657g

Ooi, Jong Boon; Rajanren, Jeevan Raj; Ismail, Harun Mohamed; Swamy, Varghese; Wang, Xin; , (2017) Improving combustion characteristics of diesel and biodiesel droplets by graphite oxide addition for diesel engine applications, International Journal of Energy Research, (2258-2267), Volume: 41, Issue Number: 0363907X, 10.1002/er.3787

Leong, Ainan; Swamy, Varghese; Ramakrishnan, N. (2017) Multilayer graphene electrodes for one-port surface acoustic wave resonator mass sensor, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Volume: 56, Issue Number: 00214922, 10.7567/JJAP.56.024301

Loi, Daniel W.; Raghunandan, Mavinakere E.; Swamy, Varghese (2016) Seismicity of Peninsular Malaysia due to intraplate and far field sources, Earthquake and Structures, (1391-1404), Volume: 10, Issue Number: 20927614, 10.12989/eas.2016.10.6.1391

Saha, Tridib; Achath Mohanan, Ajay; Swamy, Varghese; Guo, Ningqun; Ramakrishnan, N. (2016) An optimal thermal evaporation synthesis of c-axis oriented ZnO nanowires with excellent UV sensing and emission characteristics, Materials Research Bulletin, (147-154), Volume: 77, Issue Number: 00255408, 10.1016/j.materresbull.2016.01.034

Ooi, Jong Boon; Ismail, Harun Mohamed; Swamy, Varghese; Wang, Xin; Swain, Akshaya Kumar; Rajanren, Jeevan Raj (2016) Graphite Oxide Nanoparticle as a Diesel Fuel Additive for Cleaner Emissions and Lower Fuel Consumption, Energy and Fuels, (1341-1353), Volume: 30, Issue Number: 08870624, 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b02162

Lee, Neam Heng; Swamy, Varghese; Ramakrishnan, Narayanan (2016) Low cost batch fabrication of microdevices using ultraviolet light-emitting diode photolithography technique, Journal of Micro/ Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, Volume: 15, Issue Number: 19325150, 10.1117/1.JMM.15.1.010501

Balan, Poovarasi; Raman, R. K.Singh; Chan, Eng Seng; Harun, M. K.; Swamy, Varghese (2016) Effectiveness of lanthanum triflate activated silica nanoparticles as fillers in silane films for corrosion protection of low carbon steel, Progress in Organic Coatings, (222-234), Volume: 90, Issue Number: 03009440, 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2015.10.010

Koh, Teck Ming; Shanmugam, Vignesh; Schlipf, Johannes; Oesinghaus, Lukas; Müller-Buschbaum, Peter; Ramakrishnan, N.; Swamy, Varghese; Mathews, Nripan; Boix, Pablo P.; Mhaisalkar, Subodh G. (2016) Nanostructuring Mixed-Dimensional Perovskites: A Route Toward Tunable, Efficient Photovoltaics, Advanced Materials, (3653-3661), Volume: 28, Issue Number: 09359648, 10.1002/adma.201506141

Balan, P.; Chan, E. S.; Harun, M. K.; Swamy, V.; Singh Raman, R. K. (2015) Effect of lanthanide activated nano-SiO<inf>2</inf> on the corrosion behavior of silane-based hybrid coatings on low carbon steel, Materials and Corrosion, (1223-1231), Volume: 66, Issue Number: 09475117, 10.1002/maco.201508307

Swamy, Varghese (2014) The structural origin of the unusual compression behaviors in nanostructured TiO<inf>2</inf>: Insights from first-principles calculations, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, (18156-18162), Volume: 16, Issue Number: 14639076, 10.1039/c4cp02033b

Swamy, Varghese; Wilson, Nicholas C. (2014) First-principles calculations of the pressure stability and elasticity of dense TiO<inf>2</inf> phases using the B3LYP hybrid functional, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, (8617-8625), Volume: 118, Issue Number: 19327447, 10.1021/jp411366q

Swamy, Varghese; Jung, In Ho; Decterov, Sergei A. (2009) Thermodynamic modeling of the Al<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>-B<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>-SiO<inf>2</inf> system, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, (1679-1686), Volume: 355, Issue Number: 00223093, 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2009.06.036

Swamy, Varghese; Kuznetsov, Alexei Y.; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Kurnosov, Alexander; Prakapenka, Vitali B. (2009) Unusual compression behavior of anatase TiO2 nanocrystals, Physical Review Letters, Volume: 103, Issue Number: 00319007, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.075505

Wu, X.; Steinle-Neumann, G.; Narygina, O.; Kantor, I.; McCammon, C.; Prakapenka, V.; Swamy, V.; Dubrovinsky, L.; , (2009) High-pressure behavior of perovskite: FeTiO3 dissociation into (Fe1-δ,Tiδ)O and Fe1+δTi2-δO5, Physical Review Letters, Volume: 103, Issue Number: 00319007, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.065503

Kuznetsov, Alexei Y.; MacHado, Roǵrio; Gomes, Lincoln S.; Achete, Carlos A.; Swamy, Varghese; Muddle, Barry C.; Prakapenka, Vitali (2009) Size dependence of rutile TiO<inf>2</inf> lattice parameters determined via simultaneous size, strain, and shape modeling, Applied Physics Letters, Volume: 94, Issue Number: 00036951, 10.1063/1.3139078

Swamy, Varghese; Muddle, Barry C. (2008) Pressure-induced polyamorphic transition in nanoscale TiO2, Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society, (1-5), Volume: 44, Issue Number: 0004881X, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-70149103292&origin=resultslist

Swamy, Varghese; Holbig, Eva; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Prakapenka, V.; Muddle, Barry C. (2008) Mechanical properties of bulk and nanoscale TiO<inf>2</inf> phases, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, (2332-2335), Volume: 69, Issue Number: 00223697, 10.1016/j.jpcs.2008.04.018

Holbig, E.; Dubrovinsky, L.; Miyajima, N.; Swamy, V.; Wirth, R.; Prakapenka, V.; Kuznetsov, A. (2008) Stiffening of nanoscale anatase Ti<inf>0.9</inf>Zr<inf>0.1</inf>O<inf>2</inf> upon multiple compression cycles, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, (2230-2233), Volume: 69, Issue Number: 00223697, 10.1016/j.jpcs.2008.04.022

Swamy, Varghese (2008) Size-dependent modifications of the first-order Raman spectra of nanostructured rutile TiO2, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Volume: 77, Issue Number: 10980121, 10.1103/PhysRevB.77.195414

Kuznetsov, A. Yu; Swamy, V.; Gomes, L.; Calderon, H.; Prakapenka, V.; Achete, C. A. (2008) Crystallite morphology of rutile TiO2 nanocrystals: A TEM study, Microscopy and Microanalysis, (334-335), Volume: 14, Issue Number: 14319276, 10.1017/S1431927608084419

Decterov, Sergei A.; Swamy, Varghese; Jung, In Ho; , (2007) Thermodynamic modeling of the B<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>-SiO<inf>2</inf> and B<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf>-Al<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> systems, International Journal of Materials Research, (987-994), Volume: 98, Issue Number: 18625282, 10.3139/146.101555

Swamy, Varghese; Muddle, Barry C. (2007) Ultrastiff cubic TiO2 identified via first-principles calculations, Physical Review Letters, Volume: 98, Issue Number: 00319007, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.035502

Swamy, Varghese; Muddle, Barry C.; Dai, Qing (2006) Size-dependent modifications of the Raman spectrum of rutile TiO <inf>2</inf>, Applied Physics Letters, Volume: 89, Issue Number: 00036951, 10.1063/1.2364123

Swamy, Varghese; Menzies, David; Muddle, Barry C.; Kuznetsov, Alexei; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Dai, Qing; Dmitriev, Vladimir (2006) Nonlinear size dependence of anatase TiO<inf>2</inf> lattice parameters, Applied Physics Letters, Volume: 88, Issue Number: 00036951, 10.1063/1.2213956

Swamy, Varghese; Kuznetsov, Alexei; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; McMillan, Paul F.; Prakapenka, Vitali B.; Shen, Guoyin; Muddle, Barry C. (2006) Size-dependent pressure-induced amorphization in nanoscale TiO2, Physical Review Letters, Volume: 96, Issue Number: 00319007, 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.135702

Holbig, Eva; Dubrovinsky, Leonid; Steinle-Neumann, Gerd; Prakapenka, Vitali; Swamy, Varghese (2006) Compression behavior of Zr-doped nanoanatase, Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences, (1577-1585), Volume: 61, Issue Number: 09320776, 10.1515/znb-2006-1216

Swamy, Varghese; Kuznetsov, Alexei; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Caruso, Rachel A.; Shchukin, Dmitry G.; Muddle, Barry C. (2005) Finite-size and pressure effects on the Raman spectrum of nanocrystalline anatase Ti O2, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Volume: 71, Issue Number: 10980121, 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.184302

Swamy, Varghese; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia A.; Langenhorst, Falko; Simionovici, Alexandre S.; Drakopoulos, Michael; Dmitriev, Vladimir; Weber, Hans Peter (2005) Size effects on the structure and phase transition behavior of baddeleyite TiO<inf>2</inf>, Solid State Communications, (541-546), Volume: 134, Issue Number: 00381098, 10.1016/j.ssc.2005.02.035

Swamy, Varghese; Decterov, Sergei A.; Pelton, Arthur D. (2003) Thermodynamic assessment of the Ge-Si-O-Cl-H system, Glass Science and Technology, (62-70), Volume: 76, Issue Number: 09467475, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0037843233&origin=resultslist

Swamy, Varghese; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia A.; Simionovici, Alexandre S.; Drakopoulos, Michael; Dmitriev, Vladimir; Weber, Hans Peter (2003) Compression behavior of nanocrystalline anatase TiO<inf>2</inf>, Solid State Communications, (111-115), Volume: 125, Issue Number: 00381098, 10.1016/S0038-1098(02)00601-4

El Goresy, Ahmed; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Gillet, Philippe; Mostefaoui, Smail; Graup, Günther; Drakopoulos, Michael; Simionovici, Alexandre S.; Swamy, Varghese; Masaitis, Victor L. (2003) A new natural, super-hard, transparent polymorph of carbon from the Popigai impact crater, Russia, Comptes Rendus - Geoscience, (889-898), Volume: 335, Issue Number: 16310713, 10.1016/j.crte.2003.07.001

Swamy, Varghese; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia A.; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S. (2002) Compressibility of baddeleyite-type TiO<inf>2</inf> from static compression to 40 GPa, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, (46-48), Volume: 340, Issue Number: 09258388, 10.1016/S0925-8388(02)00109-3

Swamy, Varghese; Muscat, Joseph; Gale, Julian D.; Harrison, Nicholas M. (2002) Simulation of low index rutile surfaces with a transferable variable-charge Ti-O interatomic potential and comparison with ab initio results, Surface Science, (115-124), Volume: 504, Issue Number: 00396028, 10.1016/S0039-6028(01)01925-2

Degterov, S. A.; Pelton, A. D.; Seifert, H. J.; Fabrichnaya, O.; Hajra, J. P.; Navrotsky, A.; Helean, K.; Swamy, V.; Da Costa Silva, A. V.; Spencer, P. (2001) Thermodynamic modelling of oxide and oxynitride phases, Zeitschrift fuer Metallkunde/Materials Research and Advanced Techniques, (533-549), Volume: 92, Issue Number: 00443093, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0035355582&origin=resultslist

Kattner, Ursula R.; Eriksson, Gunnar; Hahn, Iris; Schmid-Fetzer, Rainer; Sundman, Bosse; Swamy, Varghese; Kussmaul, Armin; Spencer, Philip J.; Anderson, Tim J.; Chart, Tim G.; Costa E Silva, André; Jansson, Bo; Lee, Byeong Joo; Schalin, Mikael (2000) Applications of computational thermodynamics: Schloæ Ringberg, November 30 - December 5, 1997, Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, (55-94), Volume: 24, Issue Number: 03645916, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0001923605&origin=resultslist

Swamy, Varghese; Gale, Julian D. (2000) Transferable variable-charge interatomic potential for atomistic simulation of titanium oxides, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, (5406-5412), Volume: 62, Issue Number: 01631829, 10.1103/PhysRevB.62.5406

Swamy, V.; Dubrovinskaya, N. A.; Dubrovinsky, L. S. (1999) High-temperature powder x-ray diffraction of yttria to melting point, Journal of Materials Research, (456-459), Volume: 14, Issue Number: 08842914, 10.1557/JMR.1999.0065

Gerya, T. V.; Podlesskii, K. K.; Perchuk, L. L.; Swamy, V.; Kosyakova, N. A. (1998) Equation of state of minerals for thermodynamic databases used in petrology, Petrology, (511-526), Volume: 6, Issue Number: 08695911, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-22644448764&origin=resultslist

Swamy, Varghese; Seifert, Hans J.; Aldinger, Fritz (1998) Thermodynamic properties of Y<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> phases and the yttrium-oxygen phase diagram, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, (201-207), Volume: 269, Issue Number: 09258388, 10.1016/S0925-8388(98)00245-X

Swamy, Varghese; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S.; Tutti, Faramarz (1997) High-temperature Raman spectra and thermal expansion of wollastonite, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, (2237-2247), Volume: 80, Issue Number: 00027820, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0031237947&origin=resultslist

Swamy, Varghese; Dubrovinsky, Leonid S. (1997) Thermodynamic data for the phases in the CaSiO <inf>3</inf> system, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, (1181-1191), Volume: 61, Issue Number: 00167037, 10.1016/S0016-7037(96)00403-6

Swamy, V.; Dubrovinsky, L. S.; Matsui, M. (1997) High-temperature Raman spectroscopy and quasi-harmonic lattice dynamic simulation of diopside, Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, (440-446), Volume: 24, Issue Number: 03421791, 10.1007/s002690050058

Dubrovinskii, L. S.; Swamy, V.; Tutti, F. (1996) Properties and stability relations of Ca-Mg silicates: Quasiharmonic lattice dynamics simulation on the basis of Raman spectra, Petrology, (550-561), Volume: 4, Issue Number: 08695911, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0004464554&origin=resultslist

Swamy, V.; Saxena, S. K.; Sundman, B. (1994) An assessment of the one-bar liquidus phase relations in the MgOSiO<inf>2</inf> system, Calphad, (157-164), Volume: 18, Issue Number: 03645916, 10.1016/0364-5916(94)90025-6

Swamy, V.; Saxena, S. K.; Sundman, B.; Zhang, J. (1994) A thermodynamic assessment of silica phase diagram, Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume: 99, Issue Number: 01480227, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-0028255321&origin=resultslist


Loi, Daniel Weijie; Raghunandan, Mavinakere Eshwaraiah; Shanmugavel, Madhavan; Swamy, Varghese (2015) Data analytic engineering and its application in earthquake engineering: An overview, 2014 IEEE International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Computing Research, IEEE ICCIC 2014, 10.1109/ICCIC.2014.7238557

Swamy, Varghese; Kuznetsov, Alexei Y.; Prakapenka, Vitali; Wiggers, Hartmut (2014) Compressive behavior of nanoscale silicon: Amorphization vs crystalline phase transitions, Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition 2013, MS and T 2013, (2611-2615), Volume: 4, https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84893463484&origin=resultslist

Local grants

  • Breast cancer cell targeting specificity of legumain conjugated luminescent silicon and carbon nanostructures, V Swamy, UD Palanisamy, AGK Radhakrishnan, TB Tong, 2016-2018, Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia, RM63,000

Current supervision

Jayasree S Kanathasan

Fluorescent nanoparticles of silicon and carbon for breast cancer imaging and therapy

2015 (3rd year)

Monash University Malaysia

Jacob Febryadi Nithanel Dethan

Molecular dynamics simulation of carbon and boron nitride nanotubes for hydrogen storage applications

2017 (2nd year)

Monash University Malaysia

Ainan Leong Johan Leong Sow Chew

2D materials integrated acoustic gas sensors

2015 (3rd year)

Monash University Malaysia

Shah Mohammad Mominul Islam

Techno-economic feasibility assessment of using solar energy for the BRT-Sunway transport system

2018 (1st year)

Monash University Malaysia

Farah Rehan

Nano-drug delivery

2018 (1st year)

Monash University Malaysia

Completed supervision

Vignesh Shanmugam

Stability enhanced 3D, 2D, and mixed dimensional hybrid organometal halide perovskites for application in solar cells


Monash University Malaysia

Daniel Weijie Loi

Seismic hazard assessment of Peninsular Malaysia using far-field interplate and local intraplate earthquake sources


Monash University Malaysia

Neem Heng Lee

Investigations on UV LED lighting radiance control and construction of intelligent mask aligner system


Monash University Malaysia

Poovarasi Balan

Nanostructured silane coatings for corrosion resistance of low carbon steel


Monash University Malaysia

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