Dr Ammu K Radhakrishnan

Professor

Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine & Health Sciences

Email: Ammu.Radhakrishnan@monash.edu
Tel: +603 5514 4902
Office: 3-2-08

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2638-907X

 

Profile Summary

Dr Ammu K Radhakrishnan is Professor in Immunology at Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia. Professor Ammu obtained first class honours BSc in Biochemistry (1987) and MSc (1990) from the Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine University of Malaya (UM), Kuala Lumpur (1987). She completed her PhD in therapeutic immunology from the University of Cambridge, Britain (1994). Following this, she pursued a two-year post-doctoral studies at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Britain.

She joined the International Medical University (IMU) in May 1997 and was promoted to Professor of Pathology (Immunology) School of Medicine (SOM) in 2008. Prior to joining Monash, she held the position of Associate Dean (Students and International Affairs) at the School of Medicine, IMU.

Professor Ammu's main areas of research are immune-therapeutics in cancer, immuno-regulation and as well as the use of natural compounds to enhance host immune response to cancer and other conditions. She is currently supervising several research students and has successfully supervised many more.

She is a life member of the Malaysian Genetics Society and Malaysian Nutrition Society as well as a Fellow of the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust and the Cambridge Philosophical Society.

Qualifications

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Immunology), University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • Master of Science (Biochemistry), University of Malaya, Malaysia
  • Bachelor of Science (First Class Honours) (Biochemistry), University of Malaya, Malaysia

Professional Experience

2019 to present Professor, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Malaysia

2008 to 2019 Professor, School of Medicine, International Medical University, Malaysia

2018 to 2019 Associate Dean, Student and International Affairs, School of Medicine, International Medical University, Malaysia

2016 to 2018 Associate Dean, Academic and International Affairs, School of Medicine, International Medical University, Malaysia

2005 to 2008 Associate Professor, Faculty of Medicine and Health, International Medical University, Malaysia

1999 to 2004 Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine and Health, International Medical University, Malaysia

1997 to 1998 Lecturer, International Medical College, Malaysia

1996 to 1997 Senior Scientist, TropBio Research Sdn Bhd, Malaysia

1994 to 1996 Post-doctoral scientist, Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

1994 to 1994 Post-doctoral scientist, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom

1987 to 1989 Research Fellow, Department of Biochemistry, faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia

Fellowship/Membership

  • Fellow of Cambridge Commonwealth Trust
  • Fellow of Cambridge Philosophical Society
  • Oxford-Cambridge Society of Malaysia (Life-member)
  • The Cambridge Society (Life-member)
  • Laboratory Animal Science Association of Malaysia (Life-member; Committee Member: Sept 2009 – Sept 2011)
  • Malaysian Nutrition Society (Life-member)
  • Genetics Society of Malaysia (Life-member; Committee Member: May 2005 - May 2007)
  • Malaysian Inventions and Design Society/MINDS (Member: 1996 - present)
  • British Society of Immunology (Student member: 1989-1994)

Research Output

Citations:  1893

H-index: 23

i10-index: 44

Publications

2019

Angeline Shak Tzeyung, Shadab Md, Subrat Kumar Bhattamisra, Thiagarajan Madheswaran, Nabil A Alhakamy, Hibah M. Aldawsari, Radhakrishnan AK.  Fabrication, optimization and evaluation of rotigotine loaded chitosan nanoparticles for nose to brain delivery.  Pharmaceutics, 2019, 11(1), 26; [IF:  3.746] https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics11010026

2018

Thambiah, S.C., Wong, T.H., Gupta, E.D., Radhakrishnan, A.K., Gun, S.C., Chembalingam, G., Lai, L.C. and Yeap, S.S., 2018. Calculation of free and bioavailable vitamin D and its association with bone mineral density in Malaysian women with rheumatoid arthritis. The Malaysian Journal of Pathology, 2018, 40(3):287-294. (Research Article)

Loganathan R, Vethakkan SR, Radhakrishnan AK, Razak G, and Teng Kim-Tiu. Red palm olein supplementation on cytokines, endothelial function and lipid profile in centrally overweight individuals: a randomised controlled trial.  European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2018, (accepted, in press) (Research Article); IF: 3.057] https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0236-5

Wong TH, Gupta ED, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Chembalingam G, Yeap SS. The usefulness of osteocalcin measurements in Malaysian patients with rheumatoid arthritis.  International e-Journal of Science, Medicine and Education, 2018; 12(1): 4-10. (Research Article)

Low JH, Radhakrishnan AK, Premdass R, Wong C Y. Modulatory Effects of Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Proliferation and Ultrastructural Changes in K562 Leukemic Cells. Biomedical  J Sci &Tech Res, 2018; 3(1).  (Research Article) BJSTR.MS.ID.000859.   DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.03.000859

Wong TH, Gupta ED, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Chembalingam G, Yeap SS. Effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and vitamin D-binding protein on bone mineral density and disease activity in Malaysian patients with rheumatoid arthritis. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 2018; 21(5): 992-1000. [Research Article; IF: 2.624] (https://doi.org/10.1111/1756-185X.13048)

Er HM, Radhakrishnan AK, Nadarajah VD. Development of an institutional assessment framework.  Medical Education, 2018.; 52(5): 572-573.  [Really Good Stuff; IF: 4.005] (https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13568)

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan A, Ng SP, Nagaraja H.  Current Concepts of Neurodegenerative Mechanisms in Alzheimer’s Disease. BioMed Research International, 2018, 2018: 1-12. [Review Article; IF: 2.476]

Shadab Md, Bhattmisra SK, Zeeshan F, Shahzad N, Ali M, Meka VS, Radhakrishnan A, Kesharwani P, Baboota S, Ali J.  Nano-carrier enabled drug delivery systems for nose to brain targeting for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders.  Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology, 2018; 43: 295-310. [Review Article; IF: 1.194]

2017

Thambiah SC, Wong TH, Gupta ED, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Chembalingam G, Yeap SS. Calculation of free and bioavailable vitamin D and its association with bone mineral density in Malaysian women. Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia, 2017;3(3): S41. [Abstract in Journal]

Subramaniam S, Rao JSA, Ramdas P, Selvaduray KR, Han NM, Kutty MK, Radhakrishnan AK.  Effects of Gamma-Tocotrienol Supplementation on T-Regulatory Cells in Syngeneic Mouse Model of Breast Cancer.  World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Engineering, 2017; 4(7): 1.  Digital Article Identifier (DAI): urn:dai:10.1999/1307-6892/74546. [Abstract in Journal]

Kay Lee, Ng, Ammu Kutty Radhakrishnan, Kanga Rani Selvaduray. Apoptosis gene network regulated by delta-tocotrienol in K562 chronic myeloid leukaemia cells.  Journal of Palm Oil Research, 2017; 29(2): 251-261.  [Research Article; IF: 0.177]

Shadab Md, Shadabul Haque, Thiagarajan Madheswaran, Farrukh Zeeshan, Venkata S Meka, Ammu K Radhakrishnan, Prashant Kesharwani. Lipid based nanocarriers system for topical delivery of a photosensitizer. Drug Discovery Today, 2017; 22(8): 1274-1283. [Review Article; IF: 6.369]

Loganathan R, Kanthimathi MS, Radhakrishnan, AK, Choo M, Teng, KT.  Health Promoting effects of red palm oil: evidence from animal and human studies.  Nutrition Reviews, 2017; 75(2): 98-113.  [Review Article; IF: 5.541; Citations: 2]

Kanathasan, JS., Varghese S, Palanisamy UD, Radhakrishnan AK. Legumain Targeting Peptide Conjugated Fluorescent Porous Silicon Nanoparticles for Breast Cancer Imaging.  Advances in Science and Technology, 2017; 102: 45-50.  [Research Article]

2016

Abdul-Rahman PS, Ramdass P, Sani AA and Radhakrishnan A.  The proteomics profiling of molecular targets of tocotrienols in human breast cancer cells. FEBS Journal, 2016; 283:122-123.  [Abstract in Journal; IF: 3.902]

Wong TH, Yeap SS, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Gandhi C, Das Gupta E. The Relationship Between 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Vitamin D-Binding Protein, Free 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and Bone Mineral Density in Malaysian Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients And Controls. Osteoporosis International, 2016; 27:S289-S290.  [Abstract in Journal; IF: 3.445]

Kay Lee, Ng, Radhakrishnan AK, Kanga Rani Selvaduray. Gamma-tocotrienol inhibits proliferation of human chronic myeloid leukemic cells via activation of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways.  Journal of Blood Disorders and Therapy, 2016; 1(1): 102.  [Research Article]

Shantakumari Rajan, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Nagaraja Haleagrahara, Abubakar Abdul Majeed, Radhakrishnan AK.  Bisphenol A exposure at puberty disrupts expression of the oestrogen receptor-alpha in the hypothalamus of male and female mice.  Research & Reviews: Research Journal of Biology, 2016; 4(1): 50-58.  [Research Article]

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan A, Haleagrahara N.  Protective effects of quercetin glycosides quercetin glycosides rutin and isoquercetrin against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) - induced neurotoxicity in rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells.  International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology, 2016; 29(1), 30-39. [Research Article; IF: 2.347; Citations: 13]

2015

Low JH, Ramdas P, Radhakrishnan AK.  Modulatory effects of mesenchymal stem cells on leukemic cells: A double-edged sword? Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, 2015; 55: 351-357.  [Review Article; IF: 1.882; Citations: 4]

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan AK, Haleagrahara N.  Protective Mechanisms of Flavonoids in Parkinson’s Disease.  Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2015; Article ID:  314560: 1-14. [Review Article; IF:4.492; Citations: 23]

Dhillon JS, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Dasgupta ESN, Somanath SD. Comparing cytokines related to T-helper subsets and T-regulatory cells in rheumatoid arthritis patients with different DAS28 score: a pilot study.  International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 2015; 18 (Suppl. 1) : 13.  [Abstract in Journal; IF: 2.624]

Wong TH, Das Gupta E, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Gandhi C, Yeap SS.  The relationship between plasma vitamin D binding protein (VDBP), bone mineral density (BMD) and disease activity in Malaysian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).  International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 2015; 18 (Suppl. 1) : 38. [Abstract in Journal; IF: 2.624]

Wong TH, Das Gupta E, Radhakrishnan AK, Gun SC, Gandhi C, Yeap SS.  The relationship between plasma osteocalcin levels and disease activity in Malaysian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).  International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 2015; 18 (Suppl. 1) : 37.  [Abstract in Journal; IF: 2.624]

Sumera S, Radhakrishnan A, Baba AA, George E. Beta-thalassemia and molecular chaperones. Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, 2015; 54:348–352.  [Review Article; IF: 1.882; Citations: 4]

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan A, Nagaraja H, Ramdas R.  Quercetin Glycosides Induced Neuroprotection by Changes in Gene Expression in a Cellular Model of Parkinson’s Disease.  Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 2015; 55(3):609-17.  [Research Article; IF: 2.922; Citations: 15]

Shonia Subramaniam, Radhakrishnan A, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Uma Devi Palanisamy, Nagaraja Haleagrahara. Antihyperglycemic effects of Nephelium lappaceum rind extract in high fat-induced diabetic rats.  International Journal of Pharmacology, 2015; 16: 542-551. [Research Article; IF:1.36]

Palanisamy UD, Sivanathan M, Subramaniam T, Radhakrishnan AK, Nagaraja H, Sundralingam U, Gan SC.  Refining Ostrich Oil and its Stabilization with Curcumin. J of Nutritional Health Food Engineering, 2015; 2(2): 00051: 1-7. DOI: 10.15406/jnhfe.2015.02.00051. [Research Article]

Appukutty M, Ramasamy K, Rajan S, Vellasamy S, Ramasamy R, Radhakrishnan AK.  Effect of Orally Administered Soy Milk fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum LAB12 and Physical Exercise on Murine Immune Responses.  Beneficial Microbes, 2015; 17:1-6. [Research Article; IF: 2.923; Citations: 7]

Loganathan R, Radhakrishnan AK, Selvaduray KR, Nesaretnam K. Selective anti-cancer effects of palm phytonutrients on human breast cancer cells. RSC Advances, 2015; 5:1745-1753.  [Research Article; IF: 3.108; Citations: 3]

Radhakrishnan AK. Immune-enhancing nutrients: concepts and controversies.  Malaysian J of Nutrition, 2015; 21 (Supplement): S26 [Abstract in Journal]

2014

Manaharan T, Chakravarthi S, Radhakrishnan AK, Palanisamy UD. In vivo toxicity evaluation of a standardized extract of Syzygium aqueum leaf.  Toxicology Reports, 2014; 1; 718-725. [Research Article; Citations: 4]

George A, Chinnappan S, Chintamaneni M, Kotak C V, Choudhary Y, Kueper T, Radhakrishnan AK.  Anti-inflammatory effects of Polygonum minus (Huds) extract (LineminusTM) in in-vitro enzyme assays and carrageenan induced paw edema.  BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014; 14(1):355. [Research Article; IF: 1.987; Citations: 11]

Nagaraja H, Swaminathan M, Chakravarthi S, Radhakrishnan AK.  Therapeutic Efficacy of Vitamin E δ-tocotrienol in Collagen-Induced Rat Model of Arthritis.  BioMed Research International, 2014; Volume 2014 Article ID: 539540 1-8.  [Research Article; IF: 2.476; Citations: 8]

Radhakrishnan A, Tudawe T, Chakravarthi S, Gan SC, Nagaraja H. Effect of γ tocotrienol in counteracting oxidative stress and joint damage in collagen induced arthritis in rats. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 2014; 7 1408-1414. [Research Article; IF: 1.269; Citations: 4]

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan A, Nagaraja H. Protective effects of flavonol isoquercitrin, against 6-hydroxy dopamine (6-OHDA) - induced toxicity in PC12 cells.  BMC Research Notes, 2014; 7:49.  [Research Article; Citations: 28]

Somasundaram S, Chakravarthi S, Radhakrishnan A, Ramdas P, Nagaraja H, Kumari M.  Therapeutic effect of curcumin supplementation in the modulation of NF-kB responsive genes in a collagen-induced arthritis rat model.  British J of Medicine and Medical Research, 2014; 4(15): 2940-2954.  [Research Article]

2013

Abdul Hafid SR, Chakravarthi S, Nesaretnam K. Radhakrishnan AK.  Tocotrienol-adjuvanted Dendritic Cells Inhibit Tumor Growth and Metastasis: A Murine Model of Breast Cancer.  PLoS ONE, 2013; 8(9): e74753.  [Research Article; IF: 2.806; Citations: 9]

Chu WL, Van Q, Radhakrishnan AK.  Effect of Spirulina (Arthrospira) Supplementation on the Immune Response to Tetanus Toxoid Vaccination in a Mouse Model.  Journal of Dietary Supplements, 2013; 10(3):229-40.  [Research Article; Citations: 2]

Magalingam KB, Radhakrishnan A, Haleagrahara N.  Rutin, a bioflavonoid antioxidant protects rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cells against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced neurotoxicity.  International J of Molecular Medicine, 2013; 32(1), 235. [Research Article; IF: 2.348; Citations: 30]

Radhakrishnan AK, Raj VL, Tan LK, Liam CK.  Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter of the human interleukin-13 gene is associated with asthma in Malaysian adults. BioMed Research International, 2013; Volume 2013 Article ID: 981012 1-7. [Research Article; IF: 2.476; Citations: 6]

Tiong KH, Tan BS, Choo HL, Radhakrishnan AK, Rosli R, Cheong SK, Leong CO. RNAi screening of human kinome identified fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) as potential molecular target in basal-like breast cancers (BLBC).  Cancer Research, 2013; 73(8 Suppl): 1134. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-113. [Abstract in Journal; IF: 9.329; Citations: 1]

Loganathan R, Selvaduray KR, Nesaretnam K, Radhakrishnan AK. Tocotrienols promote apoptosis in human breast cancer cells by inducing PARP cleavage and inhibiting NF-kappa B.  Cell Proliferation, 2013; 46(2): 203-213. [Research Article; IF: 4.112; Citations: 25]

Nagaraja H, Tudawe D, Chakravarthi S, Radhakrishnan AK. Amelioration of collagen- induced arthritis in female Dark Agouti rats by glucosamine treatment.  ISRN Pharmacology, 2013; 2013: Article ID: 562905: 1-7. [Research Article; Citations: 5]

Rajan S, Nagaraja H, Chinna K, Abu Bakar AM, Radhakrishnan AK.  Bisphenol-A exposure during puberty interrupts non-social behaviour in young adult mice.  J of Science and Technology in the Tropics, 2013; 9:91-102.  [Research Article]

Abdul Hafid SR, Radhakrishnan AK.  Application of palm tocotrienol adjuvanted dendritic cell in cancer therapy. Frontiers of Immunology, 2013 [doi: 10.3389/conf.fimmu.2013.02.01101] [Abstract in Journal; IF: 6.429]

Yap FL, Cheong SK, Radhakrishnan A, Leong CF.  Generation of Gene Engineered Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Its Efficacy against Human Breast Cancer.  Frontiers of Immunology, 2013 [doi: 10.3389/conf.fimmu.2013.02.00576]. [Abstract in Journal; IF: 6.429]

Loganathan R, Selvaduray KS, Nesaretnam K, Radhakrishnan AK. Differential and Antagonistic Effects of Palm Tocotrienols and Other Phytonutrients (Carotenoids, Squalene, Coenzyme Q10) on Breast Cancer Cells in vitro.  Journal of Oil Palm Research, 2013; 25 (2): 208-215.  [Research Article; IF: 0.177; Citations: 22]

Radhakrishnan AK, Mahalingam D, Nesaretnam K, Selvaduray KR, Supplementation with natural forms of vitamin E augments antigen-specific TH1-type immune response to tetanus toxoid.  BioMed Research International, 2013; Volume 2013 Article ID 782067, 1-8.  [Research Article; IF: 2.476; Citations: 13]

Yap IKS, Radhakrishnan AK, Leong CO. Current concepts in cancer research. International e-Journal of Science, Medicine and Education, 2013; 7 (Suppl 1): S19-S31. [Review Article; Citations: 2]

Gomez EL, Gun SC, Radhakrishnan AK, Somanath SD, Lim AL, D’Souza B, Chinna K.  Ethnic differences in the prognostic utility of rheumatoid factor isotypes and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Modern Rheumatology, 2013; 23(4):716-721. [Research Article; IF: 2.206; Citations: 11]

Research Projects and Grants

2018

Discovery of plasma biomarkers following supplementation of geraniin in a syngeneic mouse breast cancer model.
International Medical University
Co-investigator
RM20,000
On-going

Functional role of 6-shogaol, an active component of ginger in the amelioration of atherosclerosis.
FRGS, MOE
Co-Investigator
RM106,000
On-going

Elucidating the effects of standardised Moringa oleifera extract on regulating apoptosis in human breast cancer cell lines.  
International Medical University
Principle investigator
RM10,000
Completed

Effect of geraniin on lactate metabolism in human breast cancer cells.
International Medical University
Principle investigator
RM10,000
Completed

Evaluating the effects of oral administration of geraniin on the expression of API5, MIG6 and E-Cadherin genes using a murine model of breast cancer.
International Medical University
Co-investigator
RM20,000
Completed

2017

Unravelling the Molecular Mechanisms of Diffrentially Expressed Proteins following Supplementation of Tocotrienols in a Syngeneic Mouse Breast Cancer Model Using Quantitative Proteomics Profiling Strategies.
FRG UM
Co-Investigator
RM150,000
On-going

Neuroprotective role of tocotrienols against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced cytotoxic damage in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells.
MPOB
Principle Investigator
RM149,000
On-going

Nanoformulation of rotigotine intended for direct nose to brain targeting in Parkinson disease.
eScience, MOSTI
Co-Investigator
RM185,000
On-going

2016

Elucidating the mechanisms of combination therapy using palm vitamin E and daonorubicin in cell-based models of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).
MPOB
Co-Investigator
RM160,000
On-going

Vitamin e pharmacokinetics, a pilot project: (contract research): Investigation of Bioavailability and Pharmacokinetics of Tocotrienol in Healthy Subjects Supplemented with Different Commercial Formulations.
Contract Research
Principle Investigator
RM132,222
Completed

Breast cancer cell targeting specificity of legumain conjugated luminescent silicon and carbon nanostructures.
FRGS, MOE
Co-Investigator
RM63,000
Completed

Development and evaluation of nano-emulsion containing natural bioactive compounds for transdermal delivery to improve therapeutic effects in breast cancer.
International Medical University
Principle Investigator
RM60,000
On-going

2015

Salivary Amylase and Adiponectic as Biomarkers of Glycaemic Management in Type2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study.
International Medical University
Co- Investigator
RM20,000
Completed

2014

Elucidating the effects of gamma-tocotrienol supplementation on the ratio of T-helper: T-regulatory cells in a syngeneic mouse model of breast cancer.
MPOB
Co-Investigator
RM90,000
Completed

The Effect of Tocotrienols in an Epigenetic Landscape of MCF-7 and MDA-231 Human Breast Cancer Cells.
MPOB
Principle Investigator
RM149,000
On-going

Elucidating the Role of Palm Gamma-Tocotrienol in Regulating Autophagy in MDA-MB231 Human Breast Cancer Cells.
International Medical University
Principle Investigator
RM10,000
Completed

Predictive Value of the Ratio of T-Helper to T-Regulatory Cells in Determining Response to Conventional Therapy in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: A Pilot Study
International Medical University
Principle Investigator
RM20,000
Completed

Prevalence of Osteoporosis/Osteopenia and Assessment of FRAX, 25(OH)D and Osteocalcin Levels in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
International Medical University
Co-Investigator
RM20,000
Completed

2013

DNA Methylation Patterns Induced By Tocotrienols In The CD4+ T-Lymphocytes Isolated From A Mouse Model of Breast Cancer.
FRGS, MOE
Principle Investigator
RM129,000
Completed

Proteomic footprinting of tocotrienols-treated human breast cancer cells.
FRGS, MOE
Co-Investigator
RM142,000
Completed

Supervision of Research Students

Ongoing

PhD - 9

Masters - 3

Undergraduate - 1

Completed

PhD - 12

Masters - 14

Undergraduate - 27

Patents

  • 1 Malaysia patent granted (Co-inventor)
  • 3 Malaysian patents filed (Co-inventor)