Citing and referencing

Everything you need to know about citing and referencing correctly

Learn to cite and reference properly to avoid being accused of plagiarism and acknowledge your sources. Acknowledging sources clearly and correctly is an important part of academic communication.

Acknowledging a source involves two steps:

1.a citation in the text of your work

2.a reference list or a bibliography or a works cited list at the end of your work

How to use different citation styles

Different schools use different styles. Visit the Citing and referencing Library Guide to check which style is used in your school or department. Please contact your lecturer if you are unsure about which style to use. If you are still unsure, choose a style used by your school and use it consistently.


  • EndNote is a software for creating and managing collections of references.
  • EndNote interacts with Word that automatically creates citations and references/ bibliographies according to a chosen citation style, as a document is being created.
  • The software is freely available to Monash staff and students undertaking a thesis or other research writing.

Obtain EndNote software: