Phytomedicines: Resolution for Inflammatory Disorders
Botanical preparations have thus been used for treatment and prevention of various human diseases throughout history. A group of scientists in the Academy of Taiwan have spent a systematic efforts conducting in exploration of natural medicinal plant resources, aiming to identify novel phytocompounds as candidates for further development into botanical supplements or drugs for cancer prevention or immune-modulation. Due to unique geography and diverse topography, Taiwan contains a wide range of flora and fauna belonging to three major climatic zones. Compositae, for instance, is the third largest flowering plants in Taiwan, and approximately one third of them have been anecdotally claimed for anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer or other bio-functions; however, only small portion of them have been scientifically validated for their in vivo pharmacological efficacy. The example of how a systematic research effort attributed to R&D of novel cancer chemopreventive agents from the rich and novel plant resources in Taiwan will be presented. On the other hand, global energy demand is estimated to grow by more than 50% by 2025. The efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to liquid transport fuels such as ethanol has become a major industrial goal in the effort to reduce dependency on fossil fuels and reduce CO2 emissions. However, t he development of sustainable, low-carbon, liquid fuels from cellulosicbiomass will require advances in many areas of science and engineering. Currently, a group research effort is formed and contributed by several scientists within the Academy for development of key enzyme technologies, aiming to create an efficient protocol for converting lignocellulosic biomass into bioethanol. A brief report on the team research will be presented.
Dr. Lie-Fen Shyur
- Research Fellow & Vice Director, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
- Faculty Member, Taiwan International Graduate Program in Molecular and Biological Agricultural Science (MBAS)